Flood method or surge flow canal irrigation

This is most commonly used in India in most of the closed spaced crops cereal, millet,  pulses, oilseed, sugarcane, cotton, fodder and many more. This method is high labor intensive, poor water use and  application efficiency. This also causes water logging and salinity problems.

Drip method (surface and Buried)

Drip irrigation allows water to drip out from small emitters to soil. The water travels at low pressure through a network of perforated plastic tubing installed on or below the surface of the soil. 

Drip irrigation has been described “leaking faucet” technique since it applies water non uniformly over a long period of time. Drip irrigation systems deliver water directly to the soil where it should be most beneficial, if properly managed. 

Drip systems improve yields and reduce the application of fertilizer and chemicals. They also require less water and allow easier field access than furrow and flood irrigation systems. 

Drip systems are particularly suited for wide spaced horticultural tree crops including vegetables. This requires labor intensive management with feasible initial capital management. 

The systems require frequent inspections for problems that affect water uniformity such as plugs and leakages. Filters and Emitters is to flushed regularly. 

Drip irrigation is suitable only for 15% of wide spaced crops and trees in India.

Many drip irrigatior ‘have to contact hazardous material experts for proper disposable of the used tape.


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Flood method or surge flow canal irrigation
Drip method (surface and Buried)
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